This baseline analysis presents national data on household heating options, expenditures, and needs. It provides comparative data on six Contracting Parties of the Energy Community form the Western Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo*, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

The analysis was supported by the European Climate Foundation (ECF) and is meant to provide meaningful evidence and inform future activities carried out under the project “Mitigating climate change through improved residential heating in the Western Balkans”.

Check the project’s website HERE.

This review and analyses are based on the desk research and the data available In English language and local languages including but not limited to:

  • IEA reports and statistics
  • World Bank statistics
  • National report submissions under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP)
  • Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC)
  • Household Budgetary Survey (HBS)
  • National Census

You can access the report here: